"Erotic scenes in medieval illuminated manuscripts also appeared, but were seen
only by those who could afford the extremely expensive hand made books. Most of
these drawings occur in the margins of books of hours. Many medieval scholars
think that the pictures satisfied the medieval cravings for both erotic pictures
and religion in one book, especially since it was often the only book someone
owned. Other scholars think the drawings in the margins were a kind of moral
caution, but the depiction of priests and other ranking officials engaged in sex
acts suggests political origins as well.
It was not until the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg that
sexually explicit images entered into any type of mass circulation in the
western world. Before that time, erotic images, being hand made and expensive,
were limited to upper class males. Even the British Museum had a Secretum filled
with a collection of ancient erotica donated by the upper class doctor, George
Witt in 1865. The remains of the collection, including his scrapbooks, still
reside in Cupboard , though the majority of it has recently been integrated
with the museum's other collections." :Wikipedia.